According to the latest studies, people with HIV virus should get drugs for this disease as soon they are diagnosed. These findings could change the way people are treated. Now, people get antiretroviral therapy when the number of their white blood cells drops. The study, conducted in the US, found that giving medications at the beginning, has certain benefits.
After these findings were published, the United Nations Aids agency announced that everyone should get access to these drugs. 35 million people live with HIV. Every year, 2 million people start with their antiretroviral therapy. The discovery, that found that these drugs can attack the HIV virus, should change the way HIV patients are treated. Still, there is a serious debate, when this treatment should start.
According to the WHO (World Health Organization) the treatment should start when the number of white blood cells in a cubic milliliter of blood is lower than 500. The trial, conducted by the US National Institutes of Health, compared this treatment with the immediate treatment. This trial included 4.685 patients in 35 countries. It started in 2011 and it will end in 2016.
Early analysis showed that liver disease, kidney failure and other complications were reduced by 50% when the patients got early treatment. Now, all patients who participated in the trial. Can get antiretroviral drugs. Anthony Fauci from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said that now they can treat HIV patients sooner and this treatment has several benefits. In addition, this treatment reduces the risk of transmitting the HIV virus to other people.